- Today we have a very long US section, I guess we are compensating for yesterday. Quite a few very interesting pieces of info.
- And a fun Chinese section as well. Do note the fund raises in P2p in China despite the overall doom and gloom feeling. Reminder 1 USD = 6.67 RMB
- Elevate credit extends the Victory Park Capital credit line from $100m to $545m. See just below for much more info on Elevate.
- More information on Elevate’ business and numbers when they about to go public in Jan 2016.
- More recent information on Elevate’s business ( defaults down from 20% to 10-15%, 80% y-o-y origination growth). The CEO’s last company, Think Finance, is in legal trouble. I really don’t think Elevate will do an IPO anytime soon, contrary to this article.
- Prosper actively pitching their Prosper Capital Consumer Credit Fund targeting 6-8% returns and no fees. Min investment is $250k
- A longer article on Goldman’s reasons to enter the online lending space, and a great summary of actions to date, hires, numbers and good market view. Article entirely reflect my personal view. However, even if Goldman is extremely successful in online lending, I do not think it will be sufficient to compensate losses in their other lines of business. I am therefore not bullish on their stock.
- A fun named article: how to build your own bank. In a nutshell : most banks are offering a-la-carte APIs for the public or for a controlled network of partners. Interesting read.
- Fidelity launched their own retail robo-adviser. I think the p2p lending space has a lot to learn from the evolution of the robo-adviser space.
- How one community bank closed branches and went digital keeping just 1 branch.
- A large wave of companies who want to take the retail vanilla mortgage process and make it online on the tail of Quicken’s Rocket Loans. Perhaps too many “me too” ?
- A very interesting article on a crowdlending company has originated $24mil in loans since 2012 using Bitcoin. Was Bitcoin even around back then ?
- If the democratic platform gets applied after the November elections, it will allow students from families making up to $125,000 annually to go to school without having to incur any debt. how will this affect SoFi , Common Bond, and co ?
- Kabbage signed up with Marketo’s product to help with email marketing and marketing automation.
- And an interesting article pointing out what I thought was obvious, however in a very simplistic way that should be analyzed further: having loans on balance sheet , as OnDeck does, is more profitable than selling them.
- Credibly’s CEO interview reminding why people like this space.
- The comptroller of the currency and Congressman Patrick McHenry to speak at the MPL Policy Summit in DC on September 13th, 2016.
- And another article about Goldman’s foray in online lending with a discussion of buy vs build. Buy vs build is always a difficult choice to make.
- A great article studying the root problem of financial investment in China : nobody expects any losses ever, and everybody, therefore, optimizes based on expected return. Great insight and well were written.
- Hepan, p2p with property collateral, raises RMB 66mil
- Caogen, an SME lender, raises RMB 1bil
- Yinpiao, bank secured loan originator (really?), raises RMB 120mil
- Zinben, an SME lender, raises RMB 200mil
- United States
- Elevate Announces $545 Million Expanded Credit Facility from Victory Park Capital, (Business Wire), Rated: AAA
- Old article, context relevant: This Should Be The First Tech IPO of 2016, (Fortune), Rated: AAA
- IPO on horizon, subprime lending startup Elevate adds $545M in credit from Victory Park Capital, (Tech Crunch), Rated: AAA
- Prosper Said to Pitch Fund That Would Buy Its Online Loans, (Bloomberg), Rated: AAA
- Goldman Sachs: The Newest Online Lender, (Seeking Alpha), Rated: AAA
- How to build your own bank, (Tradestreaming), Rated: AAA
- Fidelity officially launches retail robo-adviser, (Investment News), Rated: A
- How One Community Bank Closed Its Branches And Went Fully Digital, (The Financial Brand), Rated: A
- The mortgage industry (finally) moves online, (Tradestreaming), Rated: AAA
- Crowdlending platform uses Bitcoin, (Springwise), Rated: A
- Another Bone of Contention Between Political Parties: Student Loan Debt, (Real Money), Rated: A
- Kabbage enlists Marketo for marketing, (Finextra), Rated: AAA
- OnDeck Capital’s Hidden Margin Of Safety, (Seeking Alpha), Rated: A
- Credibly Interview: Innovative Online Lending Is Changing The Industry, (Nasdaq), Rated: A
- MPL Policy Summit to be Held on September 13th in Washington DC, (Business Wire), Rated: AAA
- Goldman Sachs Gets Closer To Taking On The Marketplace Lenders, (PYMNTS), Rated: A
- United Kingdom
- Dear Mr. Bailey, “The Peer-to-Peer Lending Sector Has Embraced a Level of Transparency Which is Unrivaled in Financial Services”, ( Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA
- European Union
- Rocket Internet to Develop Banking Services With FinTech Group, (Wall Street Journal), Rated: AAA
- Chinese P2Ps plagued by flaky guarantees, ( FT # Fintech), Rated: AAA
- P2P platform focused on property collateral mortgage Hepan Finance received RMB 66M Series A Investment, (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A
- Online finance marketplace Caogen Investment received RMB 1B Series B Investment from a state-owned fund, (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A
- P2P platform focused on banker’s acceptance-secured business loans Yinpiao.com received RMB 120M in funding from SOE, (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A
- P2P platform focused on supply chain financing Ziben Online raised RMB 200M in funding from four strategic investors, (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A
Elevate Announces 5 Million Expanded Credit Facility from Victory Park Capital, (Business Wire), Rated: AAA
Comment: Elevate was planning an IPO early 2016. See below.
Elevate, a provider of innovative online credit solutions for non-prime consumers, today announced it has increased its credit facility with Victory Park Capital (VPC), a privately held registered investment advisor dedicated to alternative investing, by an additional $100 million to a total of $545 million. The company will use the additional capital to support the rapid growth of its credit products in the U.S. and U.K. and for further investment in its suite of online credit solutions.
Despite market turmoil in the online lending space over the past few months, Elevate has continued to benefit from high consumer demand for its products and has experienced year-over-year loan portfolio growth of more than 80% since Q1 2015,” said Ken Rees, CEO of Elevate. “We believe that more responsible non-prime credit products like RISE, Elastic and Sunny are making a positive difference in the lives of our customers who often struggle with limited financial options. This expanded credit facility with Victory Park Capital will help us continue to serve this growing consumer need.”
Old article, context relevant: This Should Be The First Tech IPO of 2016, (Fortune), Rated: AAA
Comment: article published January 11 2016.
Elevate Credit has improving financials, but regulatory risks.
Elevate Credit, a Texas-based provider of online credit solutions to non-prime consumers, on Monday said that it plans to offer 3.6 million shares at between $20 and $22 per share. It’s the first company to set an IPO range so far this year, and likely will attempt to price before the end of January.
Elevate was formed in 2014 as a spin-out from Think Finance, which had been founded in 2001 to provide analytics and tech services to “lenders looking to meet the needs of Americans underserved by today’s traditional banking system.” Elevate represented Think’s branded consumer lending products group, including Rise(installment loans in the U.S.), Elastic (open-end lines of credit in the U.S.) and Sunny (installment loans in the UK). It is led by former Think Finance CEO Ken Rees, who previously founded CashWorks, which was bought by GE Money Services in 2004.
The company reports a $20 million net loss on $300 million in revenue for the first nine months of 2015, compared to a $44 million net loss on $180 million in revenue for the year-earlier period. Elevate also today disclosed preliminary fourth quarter data, showing that it broke even on around $134 million in revenue. This compares to an $11 million net loss on $94 million in revenue for the fourth quarter of 2014.
The numbers are promising, but Elevate will have to answer two major questions before its IPO.
The first revolves around Victory Park Management, a private equity affiliate that is the sole source of debt financing for all Rise and Sunny loans. There is no indication that VPM is in any sort of trouble―and it recently amended its credit facility with Elevate in order to accommodate increased loan volume—but investors may balk at backing a financial services business that relies so heavily on a single debt provider.
Second, Elevate may need to get some investors comfortable with a tech-enabled business model that shares certain elements of brick-and-mortar payday lending. In particular, Elevate charges very high interest rates in certain markets. For example, the APR on a Riseloan in Idaho can total 365%. Same for a Rise loan in Elevate’s home state of Texas. The company says it is different from payday lenders in that its loans don’t contain balloon payments and that repayment can help borrowers improve their credit scores. At the same time, however, its listed IPO risk factors includes promised new rules on payday lending from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. The company also says that the introduction of new rate caps by state legislatures could “make it difficult or impossible to offer [Rise] at acceptable margins.”
IPO on horizon, subprime lending startup Elevate adds 5M in credit from Victory Park Capital, (Tech Crunch), Rated: AAA
Elevate’s niche right now is providing loans to borrowers with creditscores between 575 and 625. As the company expands, it wants to provide loans to customers with even lower credit-scores.
Ken Rees, CEO of Elevate, is quick to note that 65 percent of Americans are underserved as a result of their low credit-scores. With additional lending data, it might just be possible to underwrite loans with confidence for these underserved customers. Previously, customers of Elevate would have been forced to take title or payday loans.
“20 percent of all title loans result in the customer losing their car,” noted Rees.
Elevate’s revenue run rate is hovering around $500 million even while average customer APR has been falling. The company has seen an 80 percent growth in loans outstanding over the last year, while charge-off rates have decreased from 17-20 percent in early 2014 to 10-15 percent today. Charge-off rates monitor loans that a company feels it can’t collect.
Rees’ previous company, Think Finance, backed by Sequoia and TCV, got itself into legal troubles last year and was accused of racketeering and the collection of unlawful debt.
Elevate rewards borrowers for watching financial literacy videos with better interest rates on products like RISE that are targeted at financial progression. The company also offers free credit monitoring. The average weighted APR for RISE is a hefty 160 percent, but it’s relatively tame next to a traditional 500 percent APR payday loan. RISE loans drop by 50 percent APR after 24 months, and fall to a fixed 36 percent APR by 36 months.
Over 65 percent of Elevate borrowers have experienced a rate reduction. All of these lending practices have improved customer retention for the company, 60 percent of Elevate borrowers who payoff their loan will get another. Typically these new loans will be granted at even lower interest rates.
Prosper Said to Pitch Fund That Would Buy Its Online Loans, (Bloomberg), Rated: AAA
Prosper Marketplace Inc. is setting up a private fund that will purchase consumer loans arranged through its online platform, providing another source of capital to fuel growth after other investors pulled back.
Executives at the closely held company are meeting with potential clients this week to pitch the Prosper Capital Consumer Credit Fund, according to a person familiar with the matter who asked not to be identified discussing confidential talks. The fund’s managers are targeting returns of 6 percent to 8 percent.
The goal is “sustainable and attractive risk-adjusted returns,” according to a presentation obtained by Bloomberg. The fund will buy a cross-section of “unsecured consumer loans originated through the Prosper marketplace on a passive basis.”
LendingClub, for instance, has run investment vehicles for several years similar to the one being started by Prosper. And Social Finance Inc., an online lender that gained popularity by refinancing student debt, started a hedge fund this year to buy its loans and potentially those of competitors.
The Prosper fund plans to start buying loans for clients as soon as September and could manage as much as $1 billion over time, according to the person. The fund won’t use leverage or charge investors performance or management fees, though loans in the portfolio will still be subject to Prosper’s standard servicing fees of 1 percent. The minimum investment is $250,000 and Prosper expects it to be attractive to family offices, high-net-worth individuals and foundations, the person said.
A similar fund managed by a LendingClub unit has had a rough ride this year. Returns slumped. The company disclosed that it had improperly allocated some loans to the portfolio. And by mid-June, clients had asked to pull out $442 million — or 58 percent — of the fund’s assets, forcing managers to limit withdrawals, according to a letter sent to investors. In response, LendingClub has said it overhauled the fund’s governance.
The new Prosper fund will allow quarterly resumptions of up to 5 percent of net asset value, according to the presentation.
Goldman Sachs: The Newest Online Lender, (Seeking Alpha), Rated: AAA
The emphasis it has placed on this initiative, and the speed with which it has been accomplished, demonstrate that it is a priority for Goldman Sachs.
Harit Talwar would head up the project. His last position was at Discover , where he ran the U.S. cards division. Unusually, Talwar was hired as a full partner, giving some idea of how seriously Goldman took the Mosaic initiative. Abhinav Anand, head of Analytics, also came from Discover, where he was in charge of the risk division.
Boe Hartman, formerly of Barclay’s credit card division, was Chief Technology Officer. David Stark, formerly of Citigroup’s credit card division, was Chief Risk Officer, in charge of the underwriting. These men worked for traditional banks.
However, Darin Cline, head of operations, was formerly head of operations at Lending Club. And Greg Berry, Chief Architect, used to work for OnDeck. These officers had experience with the new online lenders. Goldman wanted the best of both breeds as it put its own product together.
The benefits of sticky capital: steady growth
When you are a lender, you need funds to lend, and when you want to grow as an online lender, you need a source of funds that won’t dry up when the credit market contracts a few points. This is one of the problems Lending Club has faced recently. Its originate-to-distribute model, plus its meteoric growth (until recently), meant that it was heavily dependent on institutional funding. But it turns out that institutional funding flees quickly when credit markets turn slightly less rosy. The impacts of a recent, fairly small, capital drought have ramified into internal mismanagement, crippled growth, and a share price collapse for Lending Club.
The benefits of cheap capital: profit (with a regulatory wrinkle)
Those same depositors also provide just about the cheapest capital there is. The average interest rate on a Lending Club loan is 12.8% and 14.6% at Prosper. With a cost of capital at 1.05%, comparable rates would give GS Bank a fat interest margin of 11.75-13.55% (not counting allowances for losses).
In its “New Shadow Banking” report, Goldman’s researchers estimated a TAM for the consumer loans business at $258B, with an average ROA of 2.2%. That is $5.67B of profits up for grabs, and you can bet that Goldman intends to own a big piece of it. Every percentage point of that amount would add about one additional percentage point to the bank’s 2015 net income.
How to build your own bank, (Tradestreaming), Rated: AAA
Large financial institutions are opening up their APIs.
Exposing the tech underbelly of the finance industry is leading to an increasingly collaborative partnership environment.
BBVA offers an API marketplace for its European and US business units. In the US, the bank’s Compass unity provides connectivity for pre-authorized users to access key account data. It also offers an open security hookup that application developers can integrate to have BBVA clients authorize access to BBVA account information in their name. In Europe, the APIs go further, providing data on card purchases, identify verification, and money transfers.
In August 2015, technology industry bank SVB acquired a fintech startup, Standard Treasury. The startup had raised a couple of million dollars and was working on developing APIs for banking and that activity, the technology, and the team that developed it, was brought in-house at SVB.
Some banks have created APIs for just a select group of partners. They’re not necessarily interested in opening them widely for general use. Instead, they’re a quick and easy way to get vetted entities on their platforms. Barclays’ Developer Network (BDN) is the UK bank’s offering for approved firms to build applications using bank data and infrastructure. Barclays uses BDN in conjunction with the 13-week accelerator it runs together with Techstars. Participating startups in 4 locations (London, New York, Cape Town and Tel Aviv) get access to BDN in addition to working with decision makers at the bank and a group of mentors.
RBS has taken a similar approach to Barclays. The RBS API was made available as part of the Open Bank Project, an open source API and app store for banks. RBS uses its API as part of hackathons the bank sponsors.
Fidelity officially launches retail robo-adviser, (Investment News), Rated: A
Comment: What is happening in the robo-advisor space is very relevant to the p2p lending space.
Boston-based fund company Fidelity Investments on Wednesday officially launched its retail robo-adviser, Fidelity Go, after months of testing it out with about 1,000 users. Geode Capital Management, a Boston-based investment firm that has acted as a sub-adviser for Fidelity products for 13 years, will invest, monitor and manage Fidelity Go portfolios. The account minimum is $5,000, and clients are charged 35 to 40 basis points.
The company is focusing on younger, emerging and digitally-savvy investors with the platform, and has worked with this target audience to develop the robo.
Fidelity is also working on an institutional platform, which will be an integrated experience for investment advisers, bankers and broker-dealers, a spokesman said. More details will be available by the end of the year, he said.
How One Community Bank Closed Its Branches And Went Fully Digital, (The Financial Brand), Rated: A
A few years ago, Radius Bank had six branches. Today it has only one. How did they pull off this massive transition from brick-and-mortar to virtual?
An Amalgamation of Partnerships Solves the Fintech/Product Puzzle.
With traditional marketing media, it is difficult to accurately measure account acquisition, so the bank made the shift to go 100% digital in late 2014, bringing all consumer/retail marketing in-house. Now, instead of airing a commercial on television, Radius uses YouTube in conjunction with the Google Display Network. Billboards have been replaced with banner ads across the internet.
The mortgage industry (finally) moves online, (Tradestreaming), Rated: AAA
75 percent of home buyers would use online mortgages if they knew they could speak with someone when needed.
“I was frustrated by how offline, opaque and inefficient the mortgage application experience was,” said Rajesh Bhat of Roostify.
Roostify offers originators the technology to build a consumer-facing one-stop shop for the mortgage process with the ability to integrate additional products through an API.
Some of the newer players, like LendingHome or LandBay, try to replace current originators. Both are peer-to-peer home lenders. Sindeo and Blend Labs help customers through their mortgage applications by providing information or streamlining data collection and processing. SoFi, known more as a student loan provider, is now also active in the mortgage market, offering online applications for mortgages.
Quicken Loan’s Rocket Mortgage — which promised that home buyers could get approved for a mortgage in 8 minutes — was a big catalyst for that process.
Crowdlending platform uses Bitcoin, (Springwise), Rated: A
BTCJam is a lending platform that deals in Bitcoin to facilitate international P2P lending.
Founded in 2012 with the aim of providing affordable credit, the system boasts 19,905 loans funded, USD 24 million borrowed in over 200 countries to date, with 24 loans currently fundraising.
Although recent reports claim the business is withdrawing from trading in the US leaving uncertainty amongst many American users, BTCJam continues to service its customers worldwide.
Another Bone of Contention Between Political Parties: Student Loan Debt, (Real Money), Rated: A
In 2013, the amount of money student loan borrowers owed the federal government crossed the $1 trillion threshold for the first time, according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. For the class of 2016, the average student graduated with $37,172 in loan debt.
Five of the top lenders in this space include Sallie Mae (SLM) , Action Alerts PLUS holding Wells Fargo (WFC) , Discover (DFS) , Citizens Bank and SoFi — which acts as an online loan marketplace.
“The federal government should not be in the business of originating student loans. In order to bring down college costs and give students access to a multitude of financing options, private-sector participation in student financing should be restored,” the party’s official platform stated.
That stance is a repudiation of the 2010 federal legislation that scaled back the role of private lenders providing student loans. The banks now act as middlemen, collecting fees and keeping records while students go through federal channels to secure the loans.
However, the federal government has also taken steps to provide relief for borrowers in recent years as the interest rate on federal loans for undergraduate students dropped to 3.76% in 2016 from 4.29% in 2015. The government also adjusted the maximum Pell grant amount for inflation to $5,815 from $5,775 last year. Pell grants are used by nearly 8 million lower-income students in the country.
Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton recently released her campaign’s college financing plan. The main tenets of her plan aim to allow students from families making up to $125,000 annually to go to school without having to incur any debt. Another tenet states that all community colleges will offer free tuition.
Kabbage enlists Marketo for marketing, (Finextra), Rated: AAA
Marketo, Inc. (NASDAQ: MKTO), the leading provider of engagement marketing software and solutions, today announced that Kabbage Inc., a disruptive financial technology platform that provides businesses with access to working capital, is leveraging the Marketo platform to improve email open rates and cut down on campaign production time.
Up until October 2015, Kabbage, relied on a different marketing automation provider and a number of other tools to manually engineer communications with potential customers. As the company grew, the team needed to consolidate and integrate these tools with its existing CRM for better alignment between marketing and sales. In this way, the team hoped to strike the right cadence of communication with its customers, serving them with a premiere customer experience, at any time and from virtually any device.
Kabbage chose Marketo for its ability to track the return-on-investment of email campaigns and also for its proven track record of security in highly regulated industries such as financial services and healthcare. Since implementing Marketo, Kabbage has seen email open rates and click-to-open rates jump more than 10 percent compared to campaigns deployed via the company’s previous marketing automation system. The marketing team attributes this success to the speed and ease-of-use of the Marketo platform, saving on average 2-3 hours in day-to-day production time.
OnDeck Capital’s Hidden Margin Of Safety, (Seeking Alpha), Rated: A
This article explores how GAAP accounting is obscuring the earnings power of ONDK.
ONDK is optically profit-less, but has the potential to ramp up earnings substantially if it slows down its expansion.
While this is not what the company will or should do, it’s a helpful illustration of another source of margin of safety in the stock.
This is ignoring the substantial opportunity ahead of the company and the value creation over the longer-term.
Credibly Interview: Innovative Online Lending Is Changing The Industry, (Nasdaq), Rated: A
After the bust of the first Internet bubble, folks did not go back to using fax machines. The fact is, what the lending industry has done in terms of creating a far superior user experience — following on how gaming, social, travel, and virtually every other industry has moved online — has created an opportunity to get more capital to the folks who need it and lowering people’s cost of funds along the way.
[Another myth I see] is the demise of innovative lending. But I just want to spend a second talking about what I mean by “innovative lending.” We as an industry have been challenged in coming up with what we should be calling ourselves. “Peer-to-peer,” in the early days, captured the essence of what the models were about in many ways, but that quickly evolved to perhaps institutional-to-peer. “Marketplace” implies that there’s a pure marketplace that’s operating, matching up borrowers and lenders in a hands-off kind of way. But that also implies a singular source of financing; that the financing for those individual loans comes from “the marketplace.”
I talk a lot about the importance of having diversified sources of funding available to you regardless of how you originate assets.
we all know that small businesses represent roughly 60% of GDP and roughly 60% of our labor force — and during the short time we’re sitting here today, our industry will probably do more of that to the tune of $10 million to $20 million. There’s a significant social benefit that we’re helping to create, and none of what we’re reading about in the press is going to change any of that.
MPL Policy Summit to be Held on September 13th in Washington DC, (Business Wire), Rated: AAA
Thomas J. Curry, Comptroller of the Currency
Congressman Patrick McHenry, (R, NC-10th), House Financial Services Committee.
Goldman Sachs Gets Closer To Taking On The Marketplace Lenders, (PYMNTS), Rated: A
When asked by a JPM analyst if the firm was considering the “case for buying something? … So you get to a critical mass more quickly?” Schwartz neatly shot that idea down.
“This particular effort, when we looked at it, we really felt like it was best designed from scratch. The reason for that is we are kind of uniquely positioned. It allows us to leverage our technology skills and our risk skills … if you look at the competitive landscape, there are benefits that online lending platforms provide to consumers, and there are benefits for large commercial providers of credit … we are really looking to bridge the gap between those strengths and offer consumers, the best we can, a really thoughtful, differentiated product.”
Goldman purchased $15 billion in consumer accounts from GE Bank during Q2. He noted the two efforts were separate — Goldman Sachs isn’t becoming Goldman Sachs Savings & Loan — but connected insofar as they both buttress and diversify the Goldman brand.
“We view those as separate. Having said that, the acquisition went well, adding in excess of $15 billion of deposits to the firm … We have had in excess of 20,000 consumers open up new accounts with us. We have had very significant growth in a short period of time. It really speaks to the brand strength.”
It also remains to be seen if Republicans will win the election in November and reinstate Glass-Steagall as is a plank of their party platform. Such a regulatory change could statutorily bar Goldman from entering into these types of retail functions because it is an investment bank.
Dear Mr. Bailey, “The Peer-to-Peer Lending Sector Has Embraced a Level of Transparency Which is Unrivaled in Financial Services”, ( Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA
The UK Peer to Peer Finance Association has released a letter addressed to Andrew Bailey, Chief Executive of the FCA, buttressing their position regarding the recent dialogue with the House of Commons’ Treasury Select Committee.
This past June, Andrew Tyrie, MP, Chairman of the Committee, expressed concern regarding the risk of peer to peer lending. In an open letter to Bailey (then Deputy Governor of the Bank of England for Prudential Regulation) the Committee expressed its concern “to ensure that the FCA is paying due attention to the risks – and the opportunities – afforded by the growth of peer-to-peer lending”.
Today Farnish is responding to oral evidence presented by Bailey last week to the House of Commons Committee.
In her response, Farnish asserted that peer to peer lending platforms “exist solely because they create value to consumers on both sides of the platform: investors are able to earn fair predictable risk-adjusted net returns that can outperform other investment products, whilst borrowers can access fast and flexible finance.” Farnish asked that Bailey and the FCA “would start from first principles, based on risks and benefits to consumers.”
Farnish assured Bailey, and others, the sector “accepts its responsibility for ensuring that those investing in peer-to-peer products understand the nature of their investment, and appreciate the degree of risk incurred.”
Rocket Internet to Develop Banking Services With FinTech Group, (Wall Street Journal), Rated: AAA
FinTech Group is developing a digital bank for Rocket Internet using the banking license of FinTech subsidiary Bank biw as a first step of a comprehensive partnership of the two companies. Rocket and FinTech Group plan to develop joint banking business models at an EU level.
Chinese P2Ps plagued by flaky guarantees, ( FT # Fintech), Rated: AAA
China’s peer-to-peer lending industry is experiencing breakneck growth. Yet the industry is yet to deal with the “rigid repayment” problem – the perception afflicting the Chinese fixed-income universe that default is impossible.
A fintech conference in Shanghai last week, known as LendIt, attracted standing-room-only crowds. A conference staffer called the scene on the first day “chaos” and tightened entry restrictions on the second day to prevent un-registered guests from sneaking in.
Loans outstanding from Chinese P2P lenders hit Rmb621bn ($93bn) at the end of June, up from only Rmb104bn at the end of 2014, according to Wind Information, a Chinese financial database.
“It’s just too easy to attract investment. That’s why it draws in so many scammers,” says Michael Zhang, chairman of Beijing-based Puhui Finance, a large P2P platform with a clean reputation.
Sensing that things were moving too quickly, in April, the government took the extraordinary move of suspending corporate registrations for all companies with the term “finance” in the name.
Soul Htite, the co-founder of Dianrong.com who previously co-founded US-based Lending Club, says that in an investing culture where defaults are rare, Chinese investors tend to choose products purely based on yield:
Today Dianrong doesn’t market individual loans, but rather “strategies” that are packages of hundreds or even thousands of loans. Technically the investor has individual contract with each borrower in the strategy, but he is effectively buying an entire pool. Dianrong employees also phone each new investor who registers on the site to explain the risks.
Yet the effect of “forced diversification” may be to blur the distinction between P2P products and the “wealth management products” sold to savers by traditional financial institutions.
Once an online platform moves from listing individual loans to packaging thousands of them into products, the notion that it is merely a third-party facilitator becomes more difficult to sustain. Indeed, Chinese regulators may already be starting to considerregulating P2P providers more strictly like banks.
P2P platform focused on property collateral mortgage Hepan Finance received RMB 66M Series A Investment, (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A
Founded in 2013, Hepan Finance is a P2P platform focused on providing operating capital to small businesses in the Shanghai area. Prior to launching the lending platform, the company’s experience, and expertise was primarily in value assessment and foreclosure of real estate properties. This experience has transferred to the P2P platform’s ability to confidently control risk and deal with collateral assets after default. On the investor side, the platform offers a 12% return for its 12-month wealth management product, which recently decreased from a 15% return in early 2016. The 1-month short-term product provides a 7.2% return. According to its website, Hepan has managed RMB 2.4 billion in investments and has over 220,000 registered investors.
Hepan’s recent Series A Investment was led by Chinese VC firm ZCZB Capital. According to its website, ZCZB Capital focuses on providing fast, small loans (under RMB 5 million) to startups in a variety of industries. Prior to this injection of funding, Hepan had shrunk in borrowing and only made loans against high-end properties. It was stated that the new funds would be used in recruiting, engineering upgrades and offline promotions.
Online finance marketplace Caogen Investment received RMB 1B Series B Investment from a state-owned fund, (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A
Founded in 2013, Caogen Investment is an open lending platform focused on providing operating capital to small businesses. More flexible than other P2P platforms, Caogen accepts property, equipment, material and even products as collateral. The platform now works with suppliers and distributors in over a dozen industries including fishery, furniture, hard rock mining and energy. On the investor side, returns range from 6.5% to 12% with terms ranging from 31 to 365 days. According to its website, Caogen has managed RMB 34 billion and has 6 million registered users.
P2P platform focused on banker’s acceptance-secured business loans Yinpiao.com received RMB 120M in funding from SOE, (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A
Banker’s acceptance (BA) bills are a promise of future payment guaranteed by a bank. These are often traded on the secondary markets. P2P platform Yinpiao.com relies on BA assets to back online investment products. The platform not only sells BA before maturity but also originates loans secured by BA. Before launching Yinpiao.com in 2014, the platform’s finance team had over seven years of experience in trading BA and handled over RMB 50 billion each year. On the investor side, the platform provides an average return of 8.8% with terms varying from 7 to 180 days. According to its website, Yinpiao.com investors purchased 6 billion wealth management from August 2014 to June 2016.
Investing RMB 120 million in Yinpiao.com, Huayu Economic Development Ltd. is a state-owned corporation that controls 26 companies in nuclear power, munition technology, aerospace, and mining. Aside from the funding, Huayu may introduce Yinpiao.com to high-quality borrowers from multiple supply chains in the industrial sector.
P2P platform focused on supply chain financing Ziben Online raised RMB 200M in funding from four strategic investors, (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A
Ziben Online (ZO) provides short-term capital to small businesses in certain supply chains. ZO typically works with large corporations by providing loans to their suppliers.