Daily News Digest Featured News

Wednesday September 27 2017, Daily News Digest

small business alternative loan originations
Source: Market Realist

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News Summary

United States

SoFi’s lawsuits don’t seem to be affecting its brand (Tearsheet), Rated: AAA

The resignation of the company’s co-founder and former CEO, Mike Cagney, amid lawsuits from employees stemming from sexual harassment allegations and other workplace issues has thrown into question whether the brand can continue to be known as a “different kind of finance company,” as it markets itself. But despite the bad news so far, the damage to the company’s standing seems to have been contained — the result of being in the shadow of bigger scandals in Silicon Valley and the company’s actions in the aftermath of the scandal.

Based on online sentiment expressed on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, blogs, forums and news sites between Aug. 12 and Sept. 23 (when the news of lawsuits first emerged), 71 percent of categorized mentions of the brand were positive, according to social media analytics firm Brandwatch. While sentiment dips Sept. 12-16 (reaching the level of 86 percent negative on Sept. 16, coinciding with Cagney’s resignation), feelings quickly rebound by Sept. 19, showing a certain resilience despite the negative press.

In addition, the quick timing of Cagney’s resignation reduced the effects of the negative news, said Crenshaw.

“I guess I don’t really care as it pertains to my loan,” said Alex Nocella, 27, a SoFi customer since 2013. “It damages my view with the way they’re operating their business, but it doesn’t change the relationship I have with them. It wouldn’t stop me from getting another loan with them.”

In addition, he said, the company was proactive about informing customers of Cagney’s resignation prior to the news becoming public by giving them a heads-up on the customer-only Facebook group.

SoFi
Source: Tearsheet

Why Square Is Entering the Bank Business (Market Realist), Rated: AAA

Square Capital has distributed more than $1.8 billion in loans to over 140,000 merchants since its inception in 2014. In 2Q17, Square Capital loan volumes rose at 68% year-over-year to $318 million.

In the business of supplying alternative financing to merchant customers, Square competes with PayPal (PYPL), Amazon (AMZN), and LendingClub (LC). PayPal says it has distributed $3.0 billion in small business loans through its credit arm, while Amazon says it has supplied more than $2.5 billion in credit to its merchant clients.

Why Square Is Pursuing a Bank Charter

Square is pursuing its application for a bank charter because it’s seeking more independence in its financial services business. Square Capital head Jacqueline Reses told the Wall Street Journal, “As we scale, it’s becoming increasingly important that we have direct relationships with regulators.”

While a partnership with Celtic Bank has helped Square Capital grow, Square prefers running a financial services operation that it controls. The US (SPY) small business alternative lending market is forecast to originate $52 billion in loans by 2020 compared to $5.0 billion in 2015, according to BI (Business Insider) Intelligence.

 Why Square Opted for an Industrial Bank Model 

Square (SQ) is seeking an industrial bank license rather than a traditional bank license. Why? In deciding to go for an industrial bank license as opposed to a traditional bank license, Square chose the easy way out.

Square revenue
Source: Market Realist

How SFS Could Change Square Capital

Square has applied for an industrial bank charter so that it can take its lending business to a higher level and potentially unlock more growth.

However, Square intends to keep its consumer-facing financial services separate from its main bank unit.

Through Square Cash, Square is targeting the multibillion-dollar P2P (peer-to-peer) payments market. According to Forrester Research, global P2P transactions will reach $17 billion by 2019. According to Javelin Strategy and Research, the number of Americans using the P2P payment service will increase to 126 million by 2020 from 69 million in 2016.
$1 trillion alternative financing market

SFS, to be capitalized with $56 million in cash, will provide credit and offer deposit account services to merchants. The Polsky Center estimates that US (SPY) alternative loan volume rose to $34.5 billion in 2016 from $28.3 billion in 2015. Globally, the alternative financing market is forecast to grow to $1.0 trillion in the coming decade.

Square’s bank CEO will be Lewis Goodwin, an executive who recently joined the company from Green Dot (GDOT). Goodwin was CEO and president of Green Dot for several years.

Green Dot is a provider of prepaid debit card services. In 2016, Goodwin’s last full year as the company’s head, Green Dot’s revenue grew to $718.8 million from $694.7 million in the prior year.

Prosper raises $ 50 million but loses unicorn status (Business Insider), Rated: AAA

In another sign that the US marketplace lending industry has successfully turned itself around, one of its largest firms, Prosper, has raised $50 million in fresh funding.

In 2015, Prosper raised $165 million at a valuation of $1.9 billion, but its valuation for the latest round was just $550 million, according to LendAcademy. That will likely be disappointing for the firm, however, when taken in context with the recent valuations of its industry peers, it is not unexpected — publicly traded LendingClub’s value has dropped by a similar amount over the same period, according to LendAcademy. This suggests Prosper’s valuation has simply been adjusted to reflect changes in the broader market.

Prosper’s raise is a good indicator of the state of the US marketplace lending industry. Initially, US marketplace lenders focused on originating as many loans as possible, often at the expense of compliance and profitability, and the outfall from that strategy has been covered extensively.

Prosper loan origination
Source: Business Insider

Banks To Equifax: Get It Together (Or Else) (PYMNTS), Rated: AAA

Equifax has been the Bad News Bears of financial services lately. First there was the massive data breach that sent the personal information of most of the U.S. adult population to the dark web for exploitation. Then there was the fake phishing site to which the credit rating agency accidentally referred a bunch of recently breached people, as they could not distinguish their own site from a cloned version of it. Thankfully, that site was actually set up by a security researcher to illustrate a flaw, not a real cybercriminal – but still, it hasn’t been a good fortnight for Equifax.

And now the banks – i.e. the lenders who supply credit rating agencies like Equifax with the data they need to feed their scoring model – are making loudly discontented noises in Equifax’s direction.

“If there’s only two players, then they have less ability to play them against one another” in negotiating prices for credit reports, Thomas said.

But the willingness of lenders to support Equifax is damaged by the firm’s handling of the hack so far, which has failed to impress anyone.

U.S. CFPB suing over alleged illegal online payday loan business (Biv.com), Rated: AAA

The U.S. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is seeking the BC Supreme Court’s help to compel a group of former employees of a Langley company that allegedly ran an illegal online payday loan business through a web of affiliated companies in Canada and Malta.

The U.S., on behalf of the bureau, filed a petition in BC Supreme Court on September 8, naming Roo Chang, Annie Wang, Juila Zhu, May Chan, Doug Patton, Andrew Hung, Michelle Duncan and the Bank of Montreal as respondents.

The petition is related to a lawsuit filed by the bureau in New York in July 2015 over alleged violations of the Consumer Financial Protection Act “by using a series of interrelated Canadian and Maltese companies … to operate an illegal online payday lending business targeting U.S. consumers in all fifty states.”

The Second Annual Online Lending Policy Summit in Washington (Lend Academy), Rated: A

Yesterday, I attended the second annual Online Lending Policy Summit in Washington DC. It was headlined by the Acting head of the OCC, Keith Noreika, Congressman Greg Meeks (D-NY), Congressman Tom Emmer (R-MN) and William Isaac, the former head of the FDIC.

William Isaac was the head of the FDIC under President Reagan and he painted a stark picture of the US today where 60% of the population cannot get a bank loan. He said that we have to do better and figure out a way to lend to a broader cross section of the population.

I found Congressman Meeks to be the most engaging speaker of the day. His enthusiasm for financial innovation was infectious. He said that fintech should focus more on being an enabler than a disruptor. We need to enable more access to credit through partnerships with traditional financial institutions. He brought up the idea that fintech platforms could partner with black-owned banks that are struggling to keep up with the technological changes happening today.

Top 10 Jungle Releases Top 10 Small Business Loan Award to OnDeck Capital (PR Newswire), Rated: A

Digital media powerhouse Top 10 Jungle has just released its Top 10 Small Business Loan Reviews for 2017 and has given the top spot to New York City-based OnDeck Capital.

Acting Comptroller Noreika Comments On Madden “Fix,” Other OCC Initiatives (The National Law Review), Rated: A

In Madden, the Second Circuit ruled that a nonbank that purchases loans from a national bank could not charge the same rate of interest on the loan that Section 85 of the National Bank Act allows the national bank to charge.  Yesterday, at the Online Lending Policy Summit in Washington, D.C., Acting OCC Comptroller Keith Noreika advocated a Madden “fix” as an example of an action Congress could take “to reduce burden and promote economic growth.”  Mr. Noreika stated that the OCC supports proposed legislation that would codify the “valid when made rule” and provide that a loan that is made at a valid interest rate remains valid at that rate after it is transferred.

Mr. Noreika also was asked whether, as we have previously suggested, the OCC would address the risk posed by the theory that a bank making loans is not the “true lender” if a nonbank marketing and servicing agent acquires the “predominant economic interest” in the loans.  Unfortunately, Mr. Noreika stated that “true lender” guidance might be unnecessary at this time due to prior guidance issued during the tenures of former Comptrollers Hawke and Duggan.

With regard to the OCC’s special purpose national bank (SPNB) charter proposal, Acting Comptroller Noreika stated that the OCC is continuing to consider the proposal and intends to defend its authority to grant an SNPB charter to a nondepository company in the lawsuits filed by the NY Department of Financial Services and the Conference of State Bank Supervisors.

Mr. Noreika also indicated that the OCC intends to revisit its guidance on deposit advance products, observing that its views on such products are not necessarily consistent with those of the CFPB.

First-of-its-Kind Online Subscription-based Golf Club Upgrade and Instant Financing Program Powered by Klarna (PR Newswire), Rated: A

An innovative new online golf club upgrade and financing program, developed by TaylorMade Golf (www.taylormadegolf.com) in collaboration with Klarna (www.klarna.com), provides golfers access to the newest and most advanced equipment as soon as it is released.

In the first five months since its inception, the program has experienced significant success, with a 30 percent overall lift in conversions and a five percent increase in average order value.

‘The Turn’ is a first-of-its-kind upgrade program for purchasing golf clubs. It is named for when golfers finish the ninth hole of a round of golf and then ‘turn’ for home. The program allows TaylorMade Golf fans to finance their purchases over 18 or 30 months on the TaylorMade Golf website, and keep or exchange their clubs for the latest models toward the end of the payment period. If a customer chooses to upgrade, payments on the existing clubs will stop and payments on the new clubs will begin.

The program is powered by Klarna, a global leader in providing instant financing solutions to e-tailers and customers. Customers opt-in to the program by applying for financing at the point of checkout through a simple, instant credit approval process that provides them with an open line of credit that may be used wherever Klarna is accepted.

ArborCrowd Announces $ 40.8 Million Multifamily Real Estate Deal (Crowdfund Insider

Commercial real estate crowdfunding platform ArborCrowd announced on Tuesday it is now offering a $40.8 million multifamily real estate deal to investors. The property, Quarry Station Apartments, is located in San Antonio, Texas.

Deloitte says it was hacked (American Banker), Rated: A

Another hack: Deloitte said Monday it suffered a cyberattack. But the hacker accessed data affecting only a “very few” of the big accounting firm’s clients and “no disruption has occurred to client businesses, to Deloitte’s ability to continue to serve clients, or to consumers,” the firm said.

ReliaMax Acquires Assets of FUTR Corporation (BusinessWire), Rated: A

ReliaMax, the complete private student lending solutions provider for banks, credit unions, schools and alternative lenders, today announced it has acquired the assets of FUTR Corporation, a San Francisco- and Texas-based private student loan servicing provider. The acquisition brings over 40 new lenders and $55 million in borrower servicing to The ReliaMax Solution, the only fully-integrated private student loan solution that includes borrower acquisition, origination, servicing, insurance, and capital markets/portfolio liquidity support.

Fidelity Axes Suit Over High-Cost Investments, Robo-Adviser Fees (BNA.com), Rated: A

The participants’ claim that Fidelity breached its fiduciary duties by selecting and hiring Financial Engines—an online financial advice provider commonly known as a robo-adviser—also fails, Burroughs wrote. The allegations were premised on the notion that Fidelity, rather than the plan sponsor Delta, hired and selected Financial Engines, but the plan’s language contradicts this premise, Burroughs concluded, granting Fidelity’s motion to dismiss.

LEND360 Partners with LendingTree to Award a $ 10,000 Prize to Winner of the LEND360 Startup Innovators Program (PRWeb), Rated: B

LEND360 announces LendingTree, the nation’s leading online loan marketplace, will award a $10,000 prize to the winner of the LEND360 Startup Innovators Program, an on-site competition where fintech startups will present cutting-edge solutions that are propelling the online lending ecosystem forward.

Startups in the fintech space will pitch solutions on the LEND360 Innovation Floor Spotlight Stage. Each company will have approximately five minutes to make their pitch followed by a brief Q&A session. All LEND360 attendees are invited to attend.

Members of the LEND360 Investor Advisory Board will judge all presentations and attendees will submit their choice via our conference app. The winner will be announced on Friday morning, October 13, and will have the opportunity to pitch their solution on the mainstage.

Check Into Cash founder pulls ads from NFL games, denounces league as ‘unpatriotic’ (Times Free Press), Rated: B

But after NFL players and coaches challenged President Donald Trump and many took a knee during the national anthem played before their games over the weekend, Jones said he is through sponsoring the wardrobes or advertising on stations that air the National Football League.

“Our companies will not condone unpatriotic behavior!” said Jones, CEO of the payday lending chain Check Into Cash and owner of Hardwick Clothes — America’s oldest suit maker.

Envestnet to buy FolioDynamix for $ 195 mln (PE Hub), Rated: B

Envestnet (NYSE: ENV), a leading provider of intelligent systems for wealth management and financial wellness, today announced that it will acquire FolioDynamix, a provider of integrated wealth management technology solutions.

How Do You Refinance Your Student Loans? It’s Actually So Much Easier Than You Think (Bustle), Rated: B

In February, Forbes reported that the total student loan debt had reached $1.13 trillionspread out across almost 45 million borrowers in the United States.

According to SoFi’s own refinancing calculator, people who refinance with SoFi save on average almost $23,000 total, or $288 a month — not an insignificant chunk of change. (Other lenders boast similar returns.) “If you’re paying an 8 or 9 percent [interest rate], and you can refi down to 4 percent, and you can lower the term — take it from 15 years to 10 years — you’ve cut the interest rate, you’ve cut the length, you would have been paying double the interest for a longer period of time,” Bradford explains.

By combining your all federal and private loans into one new private loan, you lose out on certain protections that come with federal loans, like income-based repayment or student loan forgiveness, according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.

Research by LendEDU found that 57 percent of applicants qualify, so there’s little excuse not to at least try. And according to Student Loan Hero, across the top six student loan refinancers, it takes on average less than 20 minutes total to check your rates and apply online (or even on an app).

United Kingdom

P2P lender Zopa set to reopen to new investors (Financial Times), Rated: AAA

Zopa, the UK’s first peer-to-peer lender, is aiming to reopen to new investors by the end of this year following a long-running imbalance between those who want to lend money via the platform, and those who want to borrow.

Zopa’s website offers annualised projected returns of up to 4.5 per cent to those prepared to lend money to individuals via its platform for five years. However, high demand meant Zopa stopped taking new client money last December. After re-opening temporarily, it stopped again in March, and started a waiting list which has details of 15,000 potential investors waiting to lend.

Andrew Lawson, Zopa’s chief product officer, said the company was growing its book of new loans at 50 per cent year-on-year but was finding it harder to lure appropriate borrowers due to declining credit quality and fierce competition among peer-to peer lenders.

The platform’s existing investors have also been hit by long delays after a surge in demand for Zopa’s Innovative Finance Isa, which allows peer-to-peer loans to be held within the popular tax-free wrapper.

Funding Circle hits £50 million in revenue as CEO restates IPO ambitions (Business Insider), Rated: AAA

Online small business lender Funding Circle lifted the lid on business performance on Wednesday, showing revenue passed £50 million for the first time last year.

  • Revenue rose 59% to £50.9 million;
  • Operating expenses rose by 43% to £103.1 million;
  • Losses dipped by 3% to £35.7 million thanks partly to a foreign exchange boost;
  • £1 billion lent last year;
  • Loans outstanding rose by 61% to £1.37 billion;

Graham Wellesley hits back at critics (P2P Finance News), Rated: A

Earlier this year, a series of media reports highlighted a report from auditor BDO which stated that Wellesley & Co was “dependent on raising further capital to continue to operate for 12 months”. This statement referred to the firm’s performance as at December 2015.

However, Graham Wellesley told Peer2Peer Finance News that these reports were misleading as they referred to the firm’s mini-bonds only, and not its peer-to-peer lending platform.

LendInvest and NACFB launch broker development finance course (Financial Reporter), Rated: A

LendInvest has launched its first property development course for brokers, in partnership with the NACFB.

Aimed at providing brokers with a better understanding of how to add more value to clients that require development finance, the courses outline in detail what it takes to make sure small-scale developments run smoothly.

Can you trust the bonds that pay 8.5%? We run the rule over five deals wooing savers with juicy rates (This is Money), Rated: B

QuidCycle — 6.1 per cent

QuidCycle is a so-called peer-to-peer lending company, which brings together borrowers and savers.

There is just one bond available now, paying 6.1 per cent for five years. You must invest at least £500 and your money isn’t accessible until the fixed term expires.

THE RISKS: The worry is that the borrower won’t be able to make repayments. QuidCycle has a Provision Fund, a pot of money set aside in case borrowers can’t pay.

Your money is spread across at least five borrowers to limit your risk exposure, and there’s an option to lend a maximum of £100 to any single borrower.

Former Swift chief Campos joins Scottish financial technology vendor ID Co (Finextra), Rated: B

A leading UK financial technology company has strengthened its position in the market with the appointment of new chairperson, Lazaro Campos, and chief technology officer, Scott Leckie.

The Edinburgh headquartered business, established in 2010, has won some major clients in the UK and North America. These include a large UK retail bank, Prosper Marketplace, Marlette Funding, OakNorth Bank, eMoneyUnion, and Fair Finance. Over the last 12-months alone, the volume of transactions facilitated by the company has grown by 15% month over month.

New chairperson Lazaro Campos brings over 30-years C-level experience in banking technology, having previously served as a non-executive director of The ID Co. from 2014. He is also co-founder of innovation ecosystem company FinTechStage, member of the advisory board of financial services company Payoneer and Senior Advisor to management consulting firm Booz Allen Hamilton. Elsewhere Lazaro served at SWIFT, the global banking network, in various executive roles and was its CEO from 2007 until 2012.

International

Avalon is Inviting Investments in Its Initial Coin Offering to Reshape The Trends of Online Lending (Digital Journal), Rated: A

Avalon Capital Group, Inc. has announced that it is inviting investors from around the world to make investments in its initial coin offering. With a well-established base of research, development and operations, the company is introducing cryptocurrency and initial coin offerings as a new way of transaction for its valued customers. In addition, the rising private investment company is backed by HSBC bank with 4,000,000 USD investment already.

This blockchain based crypto lending model will open new possibilities of lending money online safely and easily. Furthermore, this decentralized peer to peer lending platform will enable anyone to lend and borrow money is a safe and secure environment online.

India

How Fintech Players can Help Banks Bridge the Gap in SME Lending in India (BW Disrupt), Rated: A

The SME business opportunity in India can be seen in possibly every sector – financial services, telecom, education, automobiles, media, food, real estate and so on. SME businesses are the biggest contributor to the economy of any country and the same goes with India. After agriculture, small business in India is the second largest employer of human resources. Also, in recent years, this sector has been weaving some of the most inspiring business success stories. In fact, MSMEs were found to account for 46% of the industrial production and 95% of the total industrial units.

From inefficacy of measures in credit flows (such as credit scoring for SMEs) to information asymmetry faced by banks and financial institutions, there are plentiful challenges that have impacted the contribution and performance of small and medium enterprises in the Indian economy. More than 80% MSME entrepreneurs are forced to resort to other unorganized avenues of financing to obtain credit assistance.

Fintech lenders can change that.

P2P Lending – A twist or a stick? (India Times), Rated: A

Although still in its infancy as a market, P2P lending firms in the US and UK in 2010 generated cumulative lending of USD 1.5m and this increased to USD 7bn in 2015 so unprecedented rise in the demand. In the US alone, in 2015, P2P platforms issued approximately $6bn in loans and based on our global analysis, this is expected to grow to $150bn by 2025 (25 times or 2400% over 10 years).

The estimated P2P lending to be generated in India over the next 5 years is pegged at circa USD 4bn (160 times the current lending size). Still this is way too low compared to China where there are circa more than 2000 P2P lending firms with a lending book size north of circa USD15bn indicating the potential to grow exponentially in India.

What are the risks involved in P2P lending?

1. Weak underwriting process resulting in bankruptcy of the P2P firm due to poorly executed business model resulting in granting loans to scrupulous borrowers with poor credit history

4. Data privacy laws could be breached if the platform firms disclose the names of the borrowers and lenders in their website.

5. If KYC and AML checks are not carried out robustly, the platform firms could be used for money laundering and routing illegal sources of funding.

Our perspectives

1. Platform based lending will invariably gain huge momentum over the next 3-5 years due to competitive interest rates and ease of making finance available.

2. Secured lending may have a better preference from a risk averse investor stand point due to the fact that this business has progressed very well since the past 5 years and there are established RBI regulations governing this type of lending.

4. Over a period of time, if unsecured P2P lending is well established like in the developed markets (e.g. Funding Circle in the UK), banks and institutional investors will potentially look to buy blocks of P2P loans to add to their portfolios.

Kae Capital backs consumer lending startup CrediFiable (VC Circle), Rated: A

Online consumer lending platform CrediFiable, which is operated by Bengaluru-based OneFiable Technologies Pvt. Ltd, has raised an undisclosed amount of funding from Kae Capital, the startup said in a statement.

Asia

Job loss concerns raised amid digital disruption in Indonesia (Straits Times), Rated: AAA

Disruptive innovation in digital technology is on the horizon, with bankers and toll road operators beginning to replace manual jobs with digital machines, raising concerns that millions of jobs in the finance and service sectors will be replaced.

Meanwhile, banks are opening fewer physical branches, putting more money into developing digital banking and digital offices.

State lender Bank Mandiri, the largest bank in terms of assets, has announced that it plans to open only 100 branches this year, far fewer than the annual plan of 400 to 600. Such a move will lead to a reduction in the number of new recruits taken on.

Other lenders joining the digital wave include private lender BTPN, which spent 1.3 trillion rupiah (S$131 million) on developing a digital platform, dubbed Jenius, over the past three years, while DBS Indonesia launched Digiland, an entirely paperless and signature-free banking experience.

Southeast Asia’s fintechs: Target the underbanked (Euromoney.com), Rated: A

But southeast Asia isn’t China. While Ant Financial knows China like the back of its hand, and vice versa, the company recognizes the limits in its abilities outside the country. Because of that, Ant Financial and Alipay’s work in southeast Asia is done through local partners.

It’s the Facebooks and Googles of the world that really keep the banks up at night, not the explicit fintech companies, says Yew.

CIMB says more than 90% of its total banking transactions are done through digital and self-service channels at this point.

Aquaculture investment platform GrowPal wins G-Startup Indonesia 2017 (e27), Rated: B

Global startup competition G-Startup Worldwide announced aquaculture investment platform GrowPal as the first-place winner of G-Startup Indonesia 2017.

GrowPal is a P2P lending platform that aims to help freshwater fishermen raise funding for their business.

Canada

Fear of financial loss limits investors’ opportunities (Investment Executive), Rated: A

Specifically, 72% of investors surveyed said they feel financially secure in the current economic climate and 68% said they are comfortable taking risks to get ahead. However, if investors were forced to choose between safety and performance, 83% would choose safety.

76% of investors surveyed believe that some fund managers charge high fees for just tracking an index, which investors say they can also do and at a lower cost.

Another area in which investors could benefit from good advice is alternative investment strategies that go beyond stocks and bonds. Although many investors are open to alternative investments, the Natixis study suggests a lack of education in this area may be a roadblock. For example, 71% of investors believe alternative investing is too complex and 65% say these investments are riskier than traditional asset classes.

Authors:

George Popescu
George Popescu
Allen Taylor
Allen Taylor

About the author

Allen Taylor

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